Learning how a plastic soup grows in our oceans, how virtually all living creatures eat plastic on a daily basis, it is hard to believe the first plastic grocery bag was introduced in the US in 1979.
Half a lifetime ago. It is difficult nót to know, or be, someone that knows a world without plastic.
Yet most people – while recognizing the problem – consider the plastic soup we brewed, if not irreversible, too big to solve individually. Many companies believe they will lose a competative edge if they package their products in less pretty or more expensive biodegradable materials.
So nothing happens. Everyone waits untill someone else solves the problem. A bit silly, because everybody is that someone. We are the only ones that cán solve the problem, as we created it.
It took a mere 40 years.
Academy Zahara organizes workshops to find a way to make that happen.
Erikson (1963) presents a series of psychological conflicts or crises that human beings must resolve in the development of personality.
The outcomes of these conflicts can have positive or negative effects on ego development. The resolution of each conflict is dependent on relationships with others in our environment, and the positive outcome of these conflicts during a lifetime is important in the building of a positive self-esteem and positive feelings about ourselves and others. As with Piaget’s theory of intellectual development, Erikson’s stages are age related and, again, we must use caution in thinking that children may be in only one stage of development. source: education.com
Ellen Winner is a psychologist at Boston College. Her research focuses on two areas of research on cognition in the arts.
The study of the creative process in the visual arts, including what broad thinking dispositions are acquired by studying the arts, how students make sense of the arts, the role of arts in their lives and how students learn by reflecting on their portfolios;
The study of the effects of music training on children’s brain growth (through brain imaging) and on their cognition (musical, spatial, and verbal) and motor development. This research is based on a view of the arts as cognitive as well as affective, and on the assumption that the arts are a central aspect of human behavior which must be incorporated into our understanding of human development and education. source: www.edge.org
Howard Gardner, multiple intelligences and education. Howard Gardner’s work around multiple intelligences has had a profound impact on thinking and practice in education – especially in the United States.
The Theory of Multiple Intelligences is a critique of the standard psychological view of intellect: there is a single intelligence, adequately measured by IQ or other short answer tests. Instead, on the basis of evidence from disparate sources, the theory claims that human beings have a number of relatively discrete intellectual capacities. IQ tests assess linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligence, and sometimes spatial intelligence; and they are a reasonably good predictor of who will do well in a 20th (note: Not necessarily a 21st) century secular school. Humans, however, have several other significant intellectual capacities.
Intelligences can be analogized to computers. Belief in a singular intelligence implies that humans possess a single general purpose computer, which can perform well (high IQ), average (normal IQ) or poorly (low IQ). Multiple intelligences theory implies that human beings possess several relatively independent computers; strength in one computer does not predict strength (or weakness) with other computers. source: multipleintelligencesoasis.org